Why we wash our hands: Toxoplasmosis

The organismToxoplasma gondii
The disease: Toxoplasmosis
Symptoms: Immunocompentent adults -some flu-like symptoms, possibly increased risk taking behavior, rarely schizophrenia.  Fetuses: hydrocephalus (“water on the brain”), inflammation of the retina, and later in life: blindness, deafness, mental retardation.
How it works:  T. gondii is a eukaryotic (meaning that genetically it is more related to us than to bacteria), single celled organism that appears to prefer infecting cats.  Because any one organism is guaranteed at some point to assume room temperature, T. gondii hitches a ride into the cat’s poop in a hardy spore-like form that can infect just about any mammal that ingests it, including us.  It appears to have a special liking for forming cysts in either skeletal muscle or brain.  Here is where it gets REALLY creepy. Once in the brain, T gondii can actually change that animal’s behavior (sound crazy? see here).  For instance, infected rodents are less fearful of cats.  Cat eats stupid/brave mouse and T. gondii has itself a new mobile home.  Studies have clearly shown that 15-40% of humans have been infected and that the bug does appear to change human behavior too.  Don’t believe it?  Google “Toxoplasma gondii and Schizophrenia”
Where is it in your house: Your cat, the catbox or anything that has touched your cat’s feces (water, the floor, your dog’s mouth etc) and potentially the meat in your refrigerator.  Given that so many people have clearly been infected, millions of new infections are probably happening every year, probably from infected farm animals.
What you can do to protect yourself:  Buy and learn how to correctly use a home irradiator for your food.  Short of that, cook your food well and keep pregnant mothers and babies away from cats and their end products.  Resist the temptation to rub catfood on yourself and lie down in front of your cat (but such a temptation suggests that its too late for you.)
Above all, please, wash your hands.

Toxoplasma entry at MicrobeWiki

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About SubOptimist

I am an Associate Professor in the Science Department at Georgia Perimeter College, Clarkston. I teach introductory biology courses at both the majors and non-majors level in addition to microbiology. Previous to that I spent 7 years as a postdoctoral researcher on different viruses. While I don't miss being on the "grant treadmill", I think better when I write and miss writing up data for papers and grants; this blog helps me with that a little. And sometimes my kids' insanely funny and cute antics need to be shared with the world. Any view expressed in this blog is that of me personally and not Georgia Perimeter College or the GPC Clarkston Science Department.
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One Response to Why we wash our hands: Toxoplasmosis

  1. Pingback: Eradicate cats! « Eikonal Blog

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