Whether gender stereotypes are learned or genetically programmed traits is debated. Anectdotal accounts from parents suggest that they are genetically determined, although the role of environmtal ques, such as princess-style high heeled shoed given as gifts to a 3 year old girl by grandmothers and related gifts is thought to also play a role in the formation of gender identity in impossibly cute blue eyed three year old girls. This study was initiated to assess the validity of dream content surveys (DCSS) as a tool to measure degree of gender identity.
Materials and Methods
DCSS – Impossibly cute, blue eyed 3 year old girls were randomly selected & interviewed immediately upon stumbling out into the living room between 5:30 and 7:30am (EST). Upon entering the room, subject would immediately request to be lifted (“Up daddy”). While holding, researcher first asked how the subject slept, then asked “What did you dream about?”
DCSS were performed every 24 hours for 21 days. The response “unicorns & horses” was the most frequent result (figure 1). Other responses were: uncontrolled emotional outburst when the lifting up protocol apparently was not performed within acceptable limits of deviation and one response of “ice cream”.
It appears that all young girls dream nearly exclusively about horses & unicorns.